Wet brain syndrome, also known as Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome, is a neurological condition brought on by thiamine, often known as vitamin B1 deficiency. The disorder is caused by long-term alcohol abuse.
Still, it can also affect people who are malnourished or have other illnesses that can prevent the body from absorbing or utilizing thiamine.
The symptoms of wet brain syndrome can vary from person to person but typically include a range of cognitive and physical problems.
Disorientation and Confusion
Wet brain syndrome patients may experience confusion, disorientation, and difficulty understanding their surroundings. Their capacity to think and solve problems may need to be improved, and they may find it difficult to concentrate or pay attention during chores or tasks assigned to them.
Long-term and short-term memory loss are both possible effects of wet brain syndrome. People may have problems recalling vital facts from their past, developing new memories, and recalling recent occurrences. And occasionally, someone will make up stories to fill in the blanks in their recollection.
In severe cases, wet brain syndrome can cause psychosis, characterized by delusions, hallucinations, and other symptoms of severe mental illness.
Wet brain syndrome can cause impaired judgment, leading a person to make poor decisions or engage in risky behaviors. They may struggle to recognize the consequences of their actions or understand the impact of their choices.
An individual with wet brain syndrome may experience changes in their mood or emotional state. They may become irritable, agitated, or depressed and struggle to regulate their emotions.
Wet brain syndrome can cause weakness or fatigue, making engaging in physical activity or maintaining their daily routine difficult.
In some cases, wet brain syndrome may cause seizures, which are unforeseen and uncontrolled electrical disruptions in the brain. Seizures may cause various symptoms, such as convulsions, loss of consciousness, and memory loss.
Difficulty With Coordination and Balance
Wet brain syndrome can cause ataxia or difficulty with coordination and balance. A person may have trouble walking or standing and experience tremors or other movement disorders.
Eye Movement Abnormalities
Wet brain syndrome can cause abnormal eye movements, such as nystagmus or ocular palsies. These symptoms may cause double vision or other visual disturbances.
Speech and language difficulties – A person with wet brain syndrome may have trouble speaking or communicating effectively. They may have trouble finding the right words to express themselves and slur their words during communication.
Wet brain syndrome is a neurological disorder caused by a deficiency of thiamine, typically associated with alcoholism, poor nutrition, and other risk factors that may affect the body’s ability to utilize vitamin B1. The syndrome’s symptoms are categorized as cognitive and physical problems and, in severe cases, can lead to Korsakoff’s psychosis. Treatment involves addressing the underlying thiamine deficiency through supplementation and physical and mental therapy to manage symptoms. Prevention consists in maintaining a healthy diet and avoiding excessive alcohol consumption.